India is known all over the world for its cultural diversity as it is a republic of 28 states and 7 Union ruled territories. This brings an excellent amalgamation of languages, rituals, festivals, cuisines, clothes and other things related to Culture. The one thing that amazes travellers to India is its Unity in diversity. This is aptly reflected in Indian tourism department’s motto “Vasudev kutumbakam” which runs the famous Incredible India campaign.
Starting from the west, Gujarat is the land of great cultural history. The festivals of Navratri and Uttarayan are celebrated with great zeal here. The region’s dominant language is Gujarati. Maharashtra is another important gem in India’s Cultural heritage as it has been a great historic centre for cultural and economic progress during the British rule. Ganesha Chaturthi is one of the biggest festivals of Maharashtra and the prevalent languages are Hindi and Marathi. Maharashtra also has the economic capital of India in the form of Mumbai city. Cultural diversity is reflected in the fact that there is a large number of populations of both the states living across each other. Some even commute daily from Gujarat to Mumbai for work.
Similarly on the eastern side, West Bengal shares great cultural values with the neighboring states of Bihar, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh. The state is known for its festivals, beaches, dances and sweets. The famous Rasgulla is a sweet dish of West Bengal which is famous all over India. The odyssey language and Bengali language also have some common origins and words. The ancient kingdoms had their reigns on a majority of these states and so there has been a lot of cultural exchange.
The northern states of Punjab and Haryana are known for their Farming prowess as the river delta in these regions has very fertile soil. Many of the artists in India are from Punjab.
Due to all these reasons, India has a great cultural heritage. There are many interesting facts about India and its culture, some of which are listed under:
- India is the largest democratic nation in the world.
- Zero was invented by an ancient Indian mathematician named Aryabhat.
- India has never invaded any country in its 1000 years history.
- Chess was invented in India.
- Navaratri, is the largest dancing festival in the world.
- Yoga has its roots from India.
The above facts prove the fact that India has a very rich cultural heritage and the diversity in culture has been one of the strengths for development in India. Today, India is making great progress in all the fields and is also a growing tourism hub in Asia.